Sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum and it symbolizes sincerity, truth, faithfulness, and nobility. It has a long history with nobility and clergy, who wore sapphires because they also symbolized heaven.
Some Sapphires are quite famous, such as the Rockefeller Sapphire, a 62.02ct rectangular step-cut stone from Myanmar, which is now set in a platinum ring with two triangular diamonds on each side. Another famous Sapphire is the 12ct blue gem in a diamond halo setting that belonged to Princess Diana. The Duchess of Cambridge, Kate Middleton, is now the proud owner of this famous Sapphire as it was given to her by Diana’s son, Prince William.
When we talk about Sapphires, the colour that comes to mind is blue. But did you know that Sapphires come in a rainbow of colours? From blues to greens, yellows, and pinks, Sapphires are more than a blue stone. The only colour that is not considered a Sapphire is red. Red corundum is called a Ruby. Another spectacular colour is Padparadscha, a rare and valuable pinkish-orange coloured Sapphire. All these colours appear naturally in corundum and over the years, some of them have become quite popular and valuable. A good example is Pink Sapphire. There was a time not that long ago when this beautiful stone was very inexpensive because nobody was interested in owning a Sapphire that wasn’t blue. Today, Pink Sapphire is a sought-after gemstone that commands high prices. So, if you have an old ring that was passed on to you and it contains an unknown pink stone, you may want to get it tested to see if it is a valuable Pink Sapphire.
Caring and Cleaning: Although Sapphire is relatively hard (9 on the Mohs scale) its surface can scratch and facet corners may abrade. Use a very soft brush and warm soapy water when cleaning. If in doubt, or for a deeper clean, bring it to a professional jeweller for cleaning.